Тесты по английскому языку 1 семестр Письменная экзаменационная или зачетная работа содержит 10



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Контрольные работы и тесты по английскому языку

1 семестр
Письменная экзаменационная или зачетная работа содержит 10 вариантов.

Номер варианта соответствует номеру зачетной книжки.



Пример: № зачетной книжки: ОМ З. М 0 1 – 1139. Вариант № 9.


0 вариант



I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

First Impression

Hi, my name is Lars. I am 18 years old and come from England. I am a student at the Academy, where I study management. I spend one week of each month in different departments so that I learn various aspects of my future work. I am not a freshman. I am a second year student.

I get up early each morning and drive ten miles to my academy. I still find the time to learn German and French. In my spare time I like to go skiing and enjoy all water sports.

And now I am going to tell you about my family. We are a family of three. To begin with, I am going to talk first about my father. His name is Nick, he is 45. He works as a surgeon in a hospital. He is neither old, nor young. He is a good-looking man, handsome, rather thin with dark brown hair just beginning to go grey. He is a very sociable person. What I don't like about my dad is that he is always busy. Very often he works overtime. He is a bread-maker in our family. He is fond of going to the country on week-ends, because he enjoys working in the garden.

My mother's name is Mary. She works as a teacher at a nursery school. My mother is rather slim and pretty, she is always elegant and smart. In short, she is a pleasant-looking woman of about 40. She always has a lot of work to do both at school and about the house. She is fond of her work and spends a lot of time there. But she has to cook the food for all the family at home. Shopping and cooking are nearly half a day's work for her.

My family has a house on the Adriatic coast, so we all go there every summer for a month. I am very interesting in environmental issues, and would like to meet students from other countries who share my views.


II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

  1. Who is a bread-maker in a family?

  2. Where does Lars’s mother work?

  3. Where does a family have a house?

  4. Whom would Lars want to meet from other countries? Why?

  5. What does Lars like doing in his spare time?


III. Напишите множественное число существительных:

trade – foodstuff – goods –

country – economy – barrier –

service – machinery – aviation –


IV. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

important – little – big –

large – long – bad –

good – complete – chief –


V. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

An increasing proportion on trade has been with other European Community member countries.


VI. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

Britain has taken a leading part in the activities of different organizations.




  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

  1. … most important … group is machinery and … transport equipment.

  2. … Government of … Britain welcomes both inward and outward investment.

3. … Britain’s largest single export market was … Federal Republic of Germany.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

They exported little tea last year.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите деловое письмо на русский язык:

Dear Sirs,

We shall be glad … have your lowest price … supplying 5,000 booklets similar … the enclosed, … be made … sketches supplied … us.


TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.

1. I am very interested ______ the courses you are organizing.

a) on b) in c) to d) for

2. I'm afraid I haven't got ______ change - only a £10 note.

a) any b) a lot c) some d) a

3. They work in offices ______ are air-conditioned.

a) who b) they c) which d) where

4. I'm going to ______ my suit dry-cleaned.

a) make b) have c) take d) let

5. If you don't start watching until 8.30 tonight, the programme ________.

a) will already have begun b) will begin c) has already begun

d) had already begun

6. You can do your own cooking in a ______ apartment.

a) camping b) package c) chalet d) self-catering

7. It's sad that he has ______ friends of his own age.

a) a little b) little c) few d) a few

8. This is the best song ______ so far.

a) I heard b) I've heard c) I hear d) I'm hearing

9. They decided to have a picnic ______ the pouring rain.

a) despite b) on account c) because d) although

10. He didn't want to risk ______ late for the interview.

a) arrive b) arriving c) to arrive d) having arrived

11. I'd love to try and make that cake. Have you got a(n) ______ for it?

a) receipt b) prescription c) ingredient d) recipe

12. His car's in the car park, so he ______ be here.

a) can b) ought c) must d) needs to

13. You'd better see a doctor, ______ you?

a) hadn't b) didn't c) wouldn't d) don't

14. I wish I ______ my letter of application earlier.

a) would write b) had written c) have written d) wrote

15. That's the ______ difficult textbook I've ever used.

a) more b) even c) most d) very

16. Because Denise's parents worked abroad, they sent her to a ______ school.

a) college b) secondary c) training d) boarding

17. The helicopter landed ______ the roof of the building.

a) at b) in c) over d) on

18. I have a monthly bank ______ sent to me, so that I know how much there is in my account.

a) balance b) overdraft c) statement d) cheque

19. Meat can be stored for several months in a home ______.

a) freezer b) fridge c) cool box d) cooler

20. If Jamal ______ on holiday, he'll spend a lot of money.

a) will go b) goes c) would go d) went



вариант 1.



I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:
I have recently become very worried about my 16-year-old son, Nick. Although he was never brilliant at school, he always used to get reasonably good marks. But his work has become so bad that his teachers say there is really no point in his staying on at school any longer. He used to be such a good swimmer that he won several prizes. But now he hardly ever goes to the pool to practice any more. And instead of the neat clothes he used to wear, all he ever puts on now is the same old pair of shabby jeans, and a dirty sweatshirt.

But that isn't all. Last Sunday, I got up earlier than usual. Nick was in the kitchen. The radio was on so loud that he didn't hear me come in behind him. My handbag was on the table. He had taken a ten-pound note out of it and was just about to put it in his pocket.

We had a terrible row! Finally, he broke down and confessed everything. There is a big amusement arcade near his school with all sorts of electronic games. They have games like Dark Invader and Space Warrior. I always thought they were harmless enough but Nick has been going there every day after school. He has become so hooked on playing those games that he will steal even from me, his own mother, to pay for the habit!

He has promised me that he won't go to the arcade again. But I think he is too addicted to stop. Even if he wanted to, he couldn't. And he doesn't. He has lost interest in everything else. What can I do to help him?


II. Выберете правильный вариант.

1. In her letter, Nick's mother said her son used to

A be a very good pupil at school.

В be interested in his appearance.

С wear smart jeans and a sweat shirt.

D causes her a lot of worry.

2. His teachers now feel that Nick should

A leave school and do something else.

В try to improve his work at school.

С take up his swimming again.

D try to win more prizes at school.

3. Recently, Nick's mother was horrified to see him

A taking her handbag off the table.

В trying to open her handbag.

С putting some money in his pocket.

D stealing some of her money.





  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

role – company – market –

century – business – centre –

goldsmith – policy – coin –


  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

important – old – interesting –

wealthy – many – beautiful –

large – little – chief –


  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

The Bank of England operates today as the UK's central bank.


  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

In 1946 the Bank was nationalized.


  1. Что такое артикль? Какие артикли вы знаете? Вставьте артикль, где необходимо. Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

1. If ... documents are in order ... importers instruct their bank to pay.

2. ... Bank of England is ... oldest in the world.

3. It is situated in ... City near ... Thames.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

The importer's bank opens a documentary letter of credit.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите деловое письмо на русский язык:

Dear Sirs,

We thank you … your interest … our offer … Tinned Beef, and are pleased … advice you that your order has been dispatched today.


TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.

  1. Can you tell me _____ time please?

a) the b) a c) –

2. I ________ tennis every weekend.

a) plays b) play c) am playing

3. _______, do you know the way to the beach?

a) Pardon b) Excuse c) Excuse me

4. My friend _______ English as well as I do.

a) doesn’t speak b) don’t speak c) not speaks

5. The weather is usually very good ______ March.

a) on b) in c) at

6. The trains in Japan go ________than those in England.

a) more fast b) quickly c) faster

7. ________ does your bedroom look like?

a) What b) How c) Which

8. He works very hard, ______?

a) isn’t he b) doesn’t he c) did he

9. Tokyo is ______ biggest city in Asia.

a) – b) the c) that

10. We ______ to the theatre last month.

a) gone b) go c) went

11. I wish I _______ so far yesterday, I’m very tired now.

a) hadn’t walked b) don’t walk c) didn’t walk d) wouldn’t walk

12. ________ the cold weather we had a marvellous picnic.

a) Although b) However c) In spite of d) But

13. Hello! How nice to see you again. I ______ you since last summer.

a) didn’t see b) don’t see c) haven’t seen d) won’t see

14. I eat too many sweets, perhaps I should ______.

a) put them on b) make them up c) call them off d) give them up

15. The opposite of full is_____.

a) empty b) solid c) deep d) straight

16. I promise that I’ll send you a postcard when I _____.

a) will get home b) get home c) was going d) would go

17. I don’t think there _______ factories near where he lives.

a) is much b) is some c) are any d) are no

18. Don’t disturb her at the moment, she ________ an important letter.

a) wrote b) is writing c) writes d) was writing

19. It always takes a few days to get used _______ in another country.

a) to live b) live c) to living d) for living


  1. Well done! You have ______ to get to the end of the first part of the test.

a) succeeded b) arrived c) now d) managed

Вариант 2



I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:
The Student and the Scientific - Technological Revolution

 

Today student has to assimilate a much greater amount of new information than, let us say, ten years ago, and this amount tends to grow.



Independent work claims a substantial share of the higher school student's time with lectures and seminars alternating with laboratory work, the heading and presentation of reports, discussion and participation in research work.

Today there have appeared “intermediaries” between science and the student such as television, computers, video tape records, etc. The process of assimilating knowledge having become more complex, more and more the student needs to acquire a researcher's skills. This can be done in students' scientific societies, study circles and at conferences. One out of two students takes part in these activities.

In most cases studies are combined with obligatory research in the field of automated control system, applied mathematics, mechanized processing of economic information. Specialists are also trained in rational utilization of natural resources and environmental protection.

During his student years the future specialist, who receives broad specialized training, has extensive production practice in the course of which he is paid a salary corresponding to the work he performs. After graduation (state examinations and the presentation of his diploma work) he is given a post enjoying all the rights of a specialist.


II. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. When does the student have production practice?

2. What does independent work claim?

3. What intermediaries do you know?

4. Are studies combined with obligatory research?

5. How are specialists trained?




  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

goods – industry – market –

datum – supply – method –

bank – demand – company –




  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

chief – late – little –

good – bad – far –

new – big – old –




  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

Marketing makes product available for customers.




  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

Implementation of marketing concept begins and ends with marketing information about customers.


VIII. Когда употребляется неопределенный артикль? Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

  1. This is ... pen. ... pen is red.

  2. These are pen­cils. ... pencils are black.

  3. This is ... soup. ... soup is tasty.

  4. In the morning I eat ... sandwich and drink ... tea.

  5. She gave me ... coffee and ... cake. ... coffee was hot. ... cake was tasty




  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

You must do a lot of market research.




  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sirs,

Thank you very much … your order … 2 Printing Machines – catalogue № 80. These will be dispatched immediately … receipt your remittance for 50$, as … enclosed proforma invoice.



TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.

1. If it rains on Saturday, we shall have to ________ the match for a week.

a)bring on b) put away c) take off d) put off

2. I’ve lived near the airport for so long that I’ve got _______ to the noise of



  1. the planes.

a) familiar b) known c) used d) custom

3. She looks delighted – she ________ have received some good news.

a) can b) must c) should d) has to

4. I don’t think that book is worth________.

a) reading b) read c) to read d) to reading

5. The quiz show was ________ two months after being recorded.

a) emitted b) sent out c) broadcast d) programmed

6. She always gets very good________ in her exams.

a) notes b) marks c) degrees d) reports

7. David was brought ________ in the country by his grandparents.

a) on b) back c) up d) about

8. Experts are worried that ________ is damaging the ozone layer.

a) pollution b) chemicals c) fumes d) waste

9. Angela is engaged ________ Robert: their wedding is next month.

a) with b) to c) by d) for

10. She’s starting a ________ today because she’s rather overweight.

a) slimming b) regime c) reduction d) diet

11. He’s taken his driving test five times, but he ________ it yet.

a) hasn’t passed b) passed c) didn’t pass d) is passing

12. There was ________ useful information in the newspaper report.

a) any b) a lot of c) many d) few

13. If only they ________ discuss their problems with each other more!

a) will b) would c) were d) might

14. The jury came back into court and gave their ________.

a) sentence b) guilty c) evidence d) verdict

15. If we ________ where you lived, we would have visited you.

a) would have known b) would know c) had known d) have known

16. I had to pay the fine, ________?

a) didn’t I b) hadn’t I c) wouldn’t I d) don’t I

17. He won’t be expecting a present, so you ________ buy him one.

a) mustn’t b) have to c) don’t need d) needn’t

18. This soup ________ delicious. Why don’t you try some?

a) tasted b) tastes c) is tasting d) needn’t

19. ________ who saw the robbery should contact the police.

a) Somebody b) One c) Anyone d) Someone

20. Fans often ask pop stars for their ________.

a) autograph b) signature c) handwriting d) graphic

Вариант 3



I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

Our Academy

I am a student now. I am a student of Omsk Subsidiary of the Moscow Academy of Industry & Finance. It is situated in the city of Omsk. It was founded in 1999 as an independent, non-profit, private institution of higher education.

The teaching staff includes Masters of Science & a lot of senior teachers. The total number of the students is more than two thousand. Our Academy is a modern and dynamically developing higher educational institution, which specializes in economics, finance, accounting, financial management and computer science.

There are two departments at the Academy: full day and correspondent departments.

The academic year is divided into two terms. The first term usually begins on the 1st of September and lasts for 16 weeks. The second term (spring term) begins in February and lasts for 17 weeks. Our curriculum includes many subjects such as Maths, Finance, History, Law, Marketing, and Management and, of course, Foreign Languages. At the end of each term students take examinations and credit tests. After the completion of the whole course there are the Final State Examinations for the degree of financial manager at the department of organizational management, accountant at the accounting, analyses and audit department, programmer at computer science department, etc.

There are many classrooms and lecture halls, a library with reading hall, a café for students and teachers. There are computer classes equipped with the up-to-date models of computers. It has local computer network connecting computers of all structural divisions.

The Omsk subsidiary’s mission is to provide accessible education of superior quality, which is based on the combination of the best traditions and principals with innovation in the province of education and upbringing of a person.
II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

Where do you study?

When does the first term begin?

What subjects do you study?

When do you have exams and credit tests?

When do you have the Final State Examinations?


III. Напишите множественное число существительных:
operation – thousand – form –

manager – activity – bill –

report – revenue – memo –
IV. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:
new – yellow – impossible –

good – big – accurate –

bad – many – little –

V. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:
Many people confuse accounting with bookkeeping.
VI. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:
Bookkeeping is a necessary part of accounting.
VIII. Какой артикль употребляется, если упоминаемый предмет является един­ственным в мире?

1. What's ... weather like today? — ... weather is fine.

2. ... sun is yellow.

3. ... sky is grey today.

4. ... Earth is ... planet.

5. We had ... English les­son yesterday. ... teacher asked me many ... ques­tions. ... questions were difficult.


IX. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

Government agencies rely on the information contained in two financial statements.


XII. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sir,

The recent strike … transport workers here has caused delay … the dispatch … a number … our Export Orders, and we regret that yours, too, are temporarily held up.

TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.


  1. This is a book. These ________ books.

a) is b) are c) am d) be

2. “I’m English.” “________ French?”

a) you’re b) are you c) are d) you

3. I speak English. She ______ Japanese.

a) speaking b) do speak c) speaks d) are speaking

4. I ________ like fish.

a) no b) not c) doesn’t d) don’t

5. “ ________ you like a cup of tea?” “Yes, please.”

a) would b) could c) may d) do

6. Where _______ now?

a) lives he b) is he living c) he is living d) he living

7. Take your umbrella. It ________ rain.

a) is going to b) will c) is d) has

8. No, I don’t want ________ tomatoes.

a) some b) a c) they d) any

9. “Where _________ yesterday?”

a) you were b) you was c) you d) were you

10. I ________ to the cinema last night.

a) go b) went c) gone d) going
11. “Where ________ yesterday?” “I didn’t go anywhere.”

a) went you b) did you went c) did you go d) was you go

12. You _________ work hard to pass the examination.

a) must b) can c) were d) do

13. My French is very good. I speak French _______.

a) good b) bad c) well d) badly

14. I ______ to Russia.

a) have never been b) been have never c) have never

d) never been

15. Richard ________ the tickets.

a) already bought b) has already buy c) has already bought d) buy

16. Richard ______ to a girl when I saw him.

a) talk b) talking c) will talk d) was talking

17. My sister ______ for my birthday.

a) gave me a book b) gave to me a book c) gave a book me

d) me gave a book

18. The man _______ came yesterday is very rich.

a) he b) who c) has d) when

19. John is good at football but Richard is _______.

a) good b) well c) gooder d) better

20. John _________ since he left school.

a) was working b) works c) has been working

d) will be working
Вариант 4
I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

Education in England

One in three young people now go on to a higher education at college or university. Some young people defer their university entrance for a year or take a gap year. This year out of education often includes voluntary work and travel overseas. Some young people work to earn and save money to pay their university fees and living expenses.

People over 16 years of age may also choose to study at Colleges of Father Education or Adult Education Centres. This is a wide range of academic and vocational courses available as well as courses which develop leisure interests and skills.

A large part of study time is devoted to fundamental subjects. This enables future specialists to acquire greater professional knowledge and skills, assimilate modern methods of scientific research, advanced production technology, its organization and management. This provides a basis for the study of special subjects and the organization of production practice as a necessary condition of the students' professional training.

To train highly-skilled specialist with a wide theoretical and political outlook is the chief task of the institutions of higher learning.

The higher school aims to turn out highly-educated specialists whose training is not restricted to the present-day requirements of a narrow branch of production, let alone a concrete enterprise or institution.

There is a great demand for skilled workers and specialists more industrialized in the result of the scientific-technological revolution.
II. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. Who opens documentary letters of credit?

2. When do the importers instruct their bank to pay?

3. Whom are the proceeds reimbursed by?

4. What is international trade?

5. What are the most secure and established methods of setting international trade transactions?


III. Напишите множественное число существительных:

bill – insurance – memo –

exporter – trade – method –

country – food – trade –


IV. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

new – many – far –

easy – clever – good –

bad – beautiful – complete –


V. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

The proceeds are reimbursed by the importer’s bank.


VI. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

Nowadays many customers are shopping from home.


VIII. Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

1. … commercial draft is … written order.

2. I work in … big company.

3. The money required to pay for these costs is called working capital.


IX. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

Exporters submit to the bank in their country all the shipping, insurance and other documents.


X. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sirs,

Please open a current account … us … the name of ….

We enclose specimen signatures … the partners, either of whom may sign cheques … our behalf.



TEST
Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.
1. I haven't been out much lately, because I ______ for my exams.

a) studied b) have been studying c) have studied d) had studied

2. Fiona is used to ______ late at the office.

a) work b) have worked c) working d) being worked

3. He was offered the job ______ he had no experience.

a) even though b) despite c) while d) however

4. It's no use _________ lies. They'll find out the truth in the end.

a) tell b)told c) to tell d) telling

5. The three men were ______ with robbing a bank.

a) arrested b) accused c) charged d) judged

6. I ______ my brother to enter the competition.

a) warned b) suggested c) encouraged d) said

7. Philip went to Jordan hoping to find a teaching ______.

a) work b) post c) employment d) occupation

8. We shall dismiss you unless your work ______ by the end of the month.

a) will improve b) improves c) would improve d) improved

9. I didn't see Diane at the party, so she ______ have been there.

a) mustn't b) wasn't c) shouldn't d) can't

10. Pierre can't stand ______ to wait.

a) be made b) to be made c) being made d) be making

11. You can use the card to ______ cash from your account at any time.

a) withdraw b) pay c) earn d) spend

12. Doctors can now offer ______ for certain types of cancer.

a) antidote b) cure c) treatment d) hospital

13. There were only ______ people waiting in the queue.

a) a little b) many c) not a lot d) a few

14. We had an exciting ______ on the Trans-Siberian railway.

a) travel b) trip c) tour d) cruise

15. He wishes he ______ harder for his exams.

a) has studied b) would study c) studies d) had studied

16. Scientists are carrying out a number of ______ into ways of improving technology in the home.

a) experiments b) research c) progress d) inventions

17. He'll have to wait there until the ambulance ______.

a) will arrive b) would arrive c) arrives d) is arriving

18. Laura ______ to ring me back as soon as she could.

a) suggested b) informed c) apologized d) promised

19. The couple invited all their relatives and friends to their ______.

a) marriage b) wedding c) ceremony d) engagement

20. When Steve retired, he decided to take ________ badminton.

a) on b) up c) over d) out



Вариант 5



I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:
Higher Education in the U.K.

There are more than 60 universities in the U.K. The leading universities are Cambridge, Oxford and London. English universities differ from each other in traditions, general organization, internal government, etc. British universities are comparatively small, the approximate number is about 7-8 thousand students. Most universities have fewer than 3000 students, some even less than 1500 ones. London and Oxford universities are international, because people from many parts of the world come to study at one of their colleges. A number of well-known scientists and writers, among them Newton, Darvin, Byron were educated in Cambridge.

A university consists of a number of departments: art, law, music, economy, education, medicine, engineering, etc.

After three years of study a student may proceed to a Bachelor's degree, and later to the degrees of Master and Doctor. Besides universities there are 300 technical colleges at present in Britain, providing part-time and full-time education.

The organization system of Oxford and Cambridge differs from that of all other universities and colleges. The teachers are usually called Dons. Part of the teaching is by means of lectures organized by the university. Teaching is also carried out by tutorial system. This is the system of individual tuition organized by the colleges. Each student goes to his tutor's room once a week to read and discuss an essay which the student has prepared.

Some students get scholarship but the number of these students is comparatively small. There are many associates and clubs at Cambridge and Oxford. The most celebrating at Cambridge is the Debating Society at which students discuss political and other questions with famous politicians and writers. Sporting activities are also numerous.

It should be mentioned that not many children from the working-class families are able to receive the higher education as the fees are very high (more than L1000 a year). Besides that special fees are taken for books, for laboratory works, exams and so on.
II. Ответьте на вопросы:


  1. How many universities are there in the U.K?

  2. Is higher education free of charge?

  3. Do students get scholarship?

  4. How often does student go to his tutor's room?

  5. Who are Dons?




  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

consignment – cancellation – product –

lot – agent – cost –

dock – material – telephone –


  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

many – yellow – bad –

cold – red – efficient –

complete – young – true –


  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

An efficient producer keeps costs low.


  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

The business will also have to pay other bills such as local taxes, power and telephone «connection» costs.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо артикли:

… organizations need to control their cash requirements and to be efficient … users of their resources. When … business starts, or … changes from one level of activity to … higher level, extra … funds are required to pay for extra working … capital.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

People who are starting a new business not only have to find money to pay for the new equipment.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sirs,

We have pleasure … enclosing herewith cheque for …, … full settlement … your A/c, dated March 1st. The endorsement … the back … the cheque is sufficient acknowledgement.



TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов

1. She always ... out on Sundays.

A. go B. gos С goes

2. The boys often ... the bus.

A. miss B. misses C. mises

3. Her baby always ... .

A. cry B. cries С crys

4. Alex ... her work late.

A. finish B. finishs C. finishes

5. I ... my key. I can't open the door.

A. look for B. am look for C. am looking for

6. Today Frenk ... late.

A. is working B. work C. works

7. I ... Biology and Math this semester.

A. take B. am taking C. takes

8. He ... a new book this year.

A. writes B. is writing C. write

9. Right now Liza ... a shower.

A. has B. is having С haves

10. In many countries all children ... attend elementary school.

A. must B. could C. have to D. can

11. Nick is strong. He ... lift this box.

A. must B. can C. could D. have to

12. I didn't come to the party yesterday because I ... study.

A. could B. must C. have to D. had to

13. Dogs ... bark.

A. must B. could C. can D. have to

14. ... I speak to Jimmy?

A. Must B. Can C. Could D. Have to

15. People ... eat in order to live.

A. could B. must C. can D. have to

16. In order to be a good shop-assistant, you ... be rude to customers.

A. can't B. don't have to C. couldn't D. mustn't

17. She isn't very clever. She ... answer your question. A. can B. mustn't C. can't D. has to

18. If he wants to become a good specialist, he ... study well.

A. must B. has to C. could D. can

19. Annie is busy. ... I take message?

A. Have to B. Can С Must D. Could

20.They don't have to take the taxi, so they ... walk home.

A. can B. have to C. could D. must



Вариант 6
I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

Martin and Rebecca Granger used to teach in a tough secondary school in London. Two years ago, they moved to a small cottage in Cornwall, in the extreme south-west of England. 'We got tired of trying to make kids learn things they had no interest in,' Martin says. Martin's mother had died, leaving the cottage to them. 'It was in a terrible state when we came. There were leaks in the roof. There wasn't even an indoor look. Rebecca and I have rebuilt the place with our own hands.

It is a pleasant, small place by the sea. In their large garden they grow most of their own vegetables and keep a goat. They also make all their own clothes. 'Money is still a problem, but we've learned to get by on very little'. Rebecca says. She does some part-time teaching in a school in the village nearby. Martin paints water-colours of the wild Atlantic and the brilliant sunsets they see almost every day. He has sold a few recently.

They both say what they value most is their freedom from the rat race and the pressures of life in a big city. Only one thing really bothers them, and that is the invasion of tourists every summer.

We've been very happy here, but we might immigrate to New Zealand, where we'd be even further away from it all,' Rebecca says.
II. Выберете правильный вариант.

1. Martin and Rebecca Granger moved to a small cottage in Cornwall because they

A couldn't find a teaching job in London.

В wanted to teach outside London.

С found teaching salaries too low in London.

D wanted a change from their life in London.

2. The cottage they moved to in Cornwall

A had belonged to a distant relative.

В was bought for them by Martin's mother

С was in a dreadful condition.

D was in a small village.

3. After Martin and Rebecca had moved to the cottage, they spent some time

A creating a large garden.

В renovating the building themselves.

С looking for suitable work.

D finding help to make the place habitable.




  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

service – money – tax –

resource – cash – owner –

business – activity – method –


  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

new – good – short –

many – long – bad –

high – expensive – old –



  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

Some businesses do not sell their service to the users.


  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

This profit is used to pay interest charges.



  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

Before … business can start its operations, it has to calculate how much … cash it will need to pay for all … equipment, machines and buildings it requires. These resources, called … capital assets, will be used by … business to make … product or to give … service.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

All organizations need to control their cash requirements.



  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sir,

The posters ordered … you are now ready … delivery. We enclose invoice, and will dispatch immediately … receiving remittance … you.


TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов

1. My cousin ... in this school.

A. study B. studies C. studyes

2. Some people seldom ... meat.

A. eat B. eats С eates

3.. Look at Philip! He ... .

A. daydream B. is daydreaming C. daydreams

4. When ... you ... to the country?

A. have ... come B. did ... come

5. What countries ... Brian….?

A. has ... visited B. did ... visit

6. My friend Tim ... to travel to Japan.

A. always wanted B. has always wanted

7. Turn the music down. I ... to consentrate.

A. am tring B. try C. am trying

8. Sandy ... in the garden.

A. still works B. is still working C. still is working

8. Put your coat on. It ... colder!

A. gets B. get С is getting

9. ... you ... anything on Sunday?

A. do ... do B. are ... doing

10. I'm glad that the sun ... again today.

A. shine B. is shining C. shines

11. Nick is strong. He ... lift this box.

A. must B. can C. could D. have to

12. I didn't come to the party yesterday because I ... study.

A. could B. must C. have to D. had to

13. Dogs ... bark.

A. must B. could C. can D. have to

14. ... I speak to Jimmy?

A. Must B. Can C. Could D. Have to

15. People ... eat in order to live.

A. could B. must C. can D. have to

16. In order to be a good shop-assistant, you ... be rude to customers.

A. can't B. don't have to C. couldn't D. mustn't

17. She isn't very clever. She ... answer your question. A. can B. mustn't C. can't D. has to

18. If he wants to become a good specialist, he ... study well.

A. must B. has to C. could D. can

19. Annie is busy. ... I take message?

A. Have to B. Can С Must D. Could

20.They don't have to take the taxi, so they ... walk home.

A. can B. have to C. could D. must


Вариант 7
I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

Communicating

This word keeps cropping up. In all aspects of managing, and in all functions of the organization, the degree of success is directly related to the quality of communication. Communication is the «nervous system» of managing. It is both formal and informal. Management Information Systems, meetings, instructions, notice-boards, memos and so on are examples of formal communication. They are usually planned and specific.

Informal communications can be planned to some degree. If it is im­portant that certain people speak to each other regularly, it may be arranged that their officers are close to one another. In this way, the people concerned will meet in the corridor or in the offices and chat. The «grapevine» (the channel for gossip) is the sort of informal communication that managers should try to keep to a minimum as it is almost certainly inaccurate and can even be mischievous. It often arises through lack of proper communication.
II. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. What is the degree of success in business directly related to?

2. What are examples of formal communication?

3. What is the «grapevine»?

4. What types of communication can you name?

5. What forms can communication take?




  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

notice-board – chart – communication –

memo – person – people –

degree – expression – system –


  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

many – red – little –

interesting – short – old –

complete – bad – far –


  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

The grapevine is a sort of informal communication.


  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

We have only partial information.


  1. Определите по тексту, какими частями речи являются следующие слова:

degree – choice – success –

success – partial – have –




  1. Если после конструкции there is (there are) стоит неисчисляемое существительное или существитель­ное во множественном числе, какой артикль употребляется? Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

Whatever is written or said has … meaning that … communicator intended to transmit. But … choice of words, tone and … timing, together with facial expressions and body posture, will generate feelings in … person receiving … message.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

We constantly make decisions.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sir,

Will you please quote us a rate … the insurance against All Risks … shipment. The insurance is to be … warehouse … warehouse … the 15th May.



TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов

Can you tell me _____ time please?

a) the b) a c) –

2. I ________ tennis every weekend.

a) plays b) play c) am playing

3. _______, do you know the way to the beach?

a) Pardon b) Excuse c) Excuse me

4. My friend _______ English as well as I do.

a) doesn’t speak b) don’t speak c) not speaks

5. The weather is usually very good ______ March.

a) on b) in c) at

6. The trains in Japan go ________than those in England.

a) more fast b) quickly c) faster

7. ________ does your bedroom look like?

a) What b) How c) Which

8. He works very hard, ______?

a) isn’t he b) doesn’t he c) did he

9. Tokyo is ______ biggest city in Asia.

a) – b) the c) that

10. We ______ to the theatre last month.

a) gone b) go c) went

11. I wish I _______ so far yesterday, I’m very tired now.

a) hadn’t walked b) don’t walk c) didn’t walk d) wouldn’t walk

12. ________ the cold weather we had a marvellous picnic.

a) Although b) However c) In spite of d) But

13. Hello! How nice to see you again. I ______ you since last summer.

a) didn’t see b) don’t see c) haven’t seen d) won’t see

14. I eat too many sweets, perhaps I should ______.

a) put them on b) make them up c) call them off d) give them up

15. The opposite of full is_____.

a) empty b) solid c) deep d) straight

16. I promise that I’ll send you a postcard when I _____.

a) will get home b) get home c) was going d) would go

17. I don’t think there _______ factories near where he lives.

a) is much b) is some c) are any d) are no

18. Don’t disturb her at the moment, she ________ an important letter.

a) wrote b) is writing c) writes d) was writing

19. It always takes a few days to get used _______ in another country.

a) to live b) live c) to living d) for living


  1. Well done! You have ______ to get to the end of the first part of the test.

a) succeeded b) arrived c) now d) managed
Вариант 8
I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:
Business Hours

The standard working day in the United Kingdom and the U.S.A. starts at 9:00 a.m. and lasts till 5:00 p.m. with lunch time from 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. Many banks are usually open for customers from 9:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Some businesses and industries traditionally work different hours.

Most employees have a five-day working week, Monday through Friday. The working week is between 35 and 40 hours long. Overtime is quite common and is generally paid often to the basic rate of pay. The weekend usually starts on Friday night and lasts till Monday.

Thus on Saturdays and Sundays most businesses are closed. But as to shops they are open on Saturdays and some of them are open on Sundays.

In Britain the law does not say what shops can be open on Sundays but it says what goods can be sold on Sundays. They are newspapers, magazines and fresh food. If the law is broken, criminal proceedings may be taken. Many officials and the public demand that the Sunday trading rules should be abolished in the U.K.

Most businesses are closed on public and national holidays. All the main public or national holidays in the U.S. and U.K. are bank holidays, which mean banks are closed on those days. Besides there are some other bank holidays, when banks and many other businesses are closed.


II. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Is overtime often paid?

2. What are the usual working days?

3. What days are shops open in those two countries?

4. What goods can be sold on Sundays in the U.K.?

5. How do Englishmen treat the Sunday trading rules?




  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

finance – signature – security –

number – transaction – agent –




  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

beautiful – nice – narrow –

tall – late – greenish –




  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

We shall credit you account upon receipt of the respective authorization.

  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

Banks usually maintain a number of correspondent banking relationships.




  1. Какой артикль употребляется в конструкциях: I haveI see This is … That is ... There is … . Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

So marketing is originally … system of running all … business activities of … company in respect of coordinating supply and demand for … goods produced. Originally marketing was meant to … avoid over -production.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

The services may include clearing cheques.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо, предлоги и переведите на русский язык деловое письмо:

Dear Sir,

Referring … your letter … May 5 and … order of our clients we would ask you to pay the amount … GBP 500 … cover … the above collection.


TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных вариантов.

1. I am very interested ______ the courses you are organizing.

a) on b) in c) to d) for

2. I'm afraid I haven't got ______ change - only a £10 note.

a) any b) a lot c) some d) a

3. They work in offices ______ are air-conditioned.

a) who b) they c) which d) where

4. I'm going to ______ my suit dry-cleaned.

a) make b) have c) take d) let

5. If you don't start watching until 8.30 tonight, the programme ________.

a) will already have begun b) will begin c) has already begun

d) had already begun

6. You can do your own cooking in a ______ apartment.

a) camping b) package c) chalet d) self-catering

7. It's sad that he has ______ friends of his own age.

a) a little b) little c) few d) a few

8. This is the best song ______ so far.

a) I heard b) I've heard c) I hear d) I'm hearing

9. They decided to have a picnic ______ the pouring rain.

a) despite b) on account c) because d) although

10. He didn't want to risk ______ late for the interview.

a) arrive b) arriving c) to arrive d) having arrived

11. I'd love to try and make that cake. Have you got a(n) ______ for it?

a) receipt b) prescription c) ingredient d) recipe

12. His car's in the car park, so he ______ be here.

a) can b) ought c) must d) needs to

13. You'd better see a doctor, ______ you?

a) hadn't b) didn't c) wouldn't d) don't

14. I wish I ______ my letter of application earlier.

a) would write b) had written c) have written d) wrote

15. That's the ______ difficult textbook I've ever used.

a) more b) even c) most d) very

16. Because Denise's parents worked abroad, they sent her to a ______ school.

a) college b) secondary c) training d) boarding

17. The helicopter landed ______ the roof of the building.

a) at b) in c) over d) on

18. I have a monthly bank ______ sent to me, so that I know how much there is in my account.

a) balance b) overdraft c) statement d) cheque

19. Meat can be stored for several months in a home ______.

a) freezer b) fridge c) cool box d) cooler

20. If Jamal ______ on holiday, he'll spend a lot of money.

a) will go b) goes c) would go d) went




Вариант 9
I. Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык следующий текст:

Aaron Spelling is said to be the richest and most successful television producer in Hollywood and, in a city famous for its wealth, his wife, Candy, is the biggest spender. They recently paid more than $10 million for the huge house Bing Crosby used to live in. Then they had it torn down so that an even bigger, more wonderful mansion could be built. Not only will it have a more luxurious swimming-pool but an indoor ice-skating rink and a private zoo, as well. The final bill will come to at least $25 million.

They say that a few years ago, on a typically warm Californian Christmas Eve, Candy had a huge amount of real snow delivered to the Spelling mansion and spread all over the green lawns so that their children could enjoy 'a white Christmas'.

Not long ago Candy decided she needed a few more clothes. She had a whole fashion show flown out to her from New York, along with the designer and three models. Not only did she buy the entire collection but the bags and hats the models travelled with, as well. A lot of people in Hollywood wonder what she is going to buy next 'What more can she possibly want?' others ask.


II. Выберете правильный вариант.
1. Aaron and Candy Spelling are now living in

A the house that belonged to Bing Crosby.

В a house that they paid more than $10 million for.

С a more luxurious house than the one they bought.

D a house that needed a lot of repairs.

2. The real snow Candy wanted for Christmas was

A brought to her home from elsewhere.

В placed on the edge of the lawns.

С manufactured at her own home.

D more than she needed to cover her property.

3. A short while ago, Candy decided to

A fly to New York to buy some clothes.

В run a clothing company herself.

С employ a fashion designer and models permanently.

D purchases every single item in a fashion show.


  1. Напишите множественное число существительных:

organization – accountancy – profession –

purpose – collection – situation –

need – mean – little –


  1. Напишите степени сравнения прилагательных:

reddish – complete – high –

big – small – blue –

far – green – little –


  1. Задайте 4 типа вопросов к следующему предложению:

These funds have not been credited to the beneficiaries account.


  1. Напишите следующее предложение в отрицательной форме:

Accountancy is an international profession.


  1. Какой артикль употребляется перед названиями университетов? Поставьте, где необходимо, артикли:

Banks usually maintain … number of correspondent banking relationships. When two banks agree to be correspondents with each other, they exchange their signature books. … signature books include signatures required for different … transactions.


  1. Поставьте следующее предложение в пассивный залог и определите время у сказуемого:

They discuss their professional situation.


  1. Поставьте, где необходимо предлоги и переведите деловое письмо на русский язык:

Dear Sir,

… behalf … our clients, we are handing you herewith their letter dated December 6 and relevant documents … collection and acceptance.


TEST

Закончить предложения, выбрав один из предложенных варианто1.

Paul often ... in this hotel.

A. stay B. stais С stays

2. Casey ... football at the weekend.

A. plays B. play С plais

3. Why ... you ...?

A. do ... hurry B. are ... hurring

C. are ... hurrying

4. We ... five lessons on Friday.

A. have had B. had

5. Look! He ... a goal!

A. scored B. has scored

6. They...... us since last month.

A. didn't see B. haven't seen

7. ....this film last month?

A. Have you seen B. Did you see

8. Sorry, I ... my report yet.

A. didn't finish B. haven't finished

9. Hi! Where ... you ...?

A. have ... been B. did ... be

10. Some people.....snow in their entire lifetime.

A. never saw B. have never seen

11. Nick is strong. He ... lift this box.

A. must B. can C. could D. have to

12. I didn't come to the party yesterday because I ... study.

A. could B. must C. have to D. had to

13. Dogs ... bark.

A. must B. could C. can D. have to

14. ... I speak to Jimmy?

A. Must B. Can C. Could D. Have to

15. People ... eat in order to live.

A. could B. must C. can D. have to

16. In order to be a good shop-assistant, you ... be rude to customers.

A. can't B. don't have to C. couldn't D. mustn't

17. She isn't very clever. She ... answer your question. A. can B. mustn't C. can't D. has to

18. If he wants to become a good specialist, he ... study well.

A. must B. has to C. could D. can

19. Annie is busy. ... I take message?

A. Have to B. Can С Must D. Could

20.They don't have to take the taxi, so they ... walk home.



A. can B. have to C. could D. must


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